The harmattan season is here again. It is actually dusty wind from the Sahara that blows toward the western coast of Africa during the dry season.

The uncomfortable continuous blowing of dry-dusty winds throughout the day brings along an increased risk of the proliferation of food related diseases as the generous winds carries with it a whole lot harmful pathogens/germs. Also, there is an increased risk of contracting infections especially common cold.

Some of the dietary tips you should think of adopting in harmattan are as follows;


The dryness of the harmattan causes you to lose lots of body fluids through perspiration. After a while outdoor, you feel dryness of the throat and it’s a sign of ongoing fluid lose. A consequence of this harmattan-induced dehydration is manifested in you having dry and sticky lips (mouth “cracking of lips and feet” and lose of concentration.

We thus recommend that you drink water regularly throughout the day and not wait to feel like it.

When you have a good fluid balance in your body, it aids in keeping you sharp-minded and allows you to go about your activities without feeling restless. Having enough water in your body is also necessary for proper functioning of your entire body.


Harmattan provides perfect conditions for the transmission of airborne illnesses. A lowered immune system will give room to the manifestation of these illnesses. Infections like common cold are rampant at this time of the weather calendar. You should therefore endeavor to eat lots of fruits and vegetables to help strengthen your immune defense. Fruits also contain lots of fluids in them as well as some vegetables.


During this period the proper handling and storage of food should be made paramount to prevent food contamination.

Airborne diseases are diseases caused by pathogens and transmitted through the air. The relevant pathogens may be viruses, bacteria, or fungi, and they may be spread through coughing, sneezing and blowing dust during this period.

The blowing winds don’t just carry dust but pathogens that can cause lots of sicknesses such as diarrhea. Hence, you practice should be to cover you foods when not eating and wash your hands with soap and flowing water before eating.

Also people who handle foods should make a point to at all times wash their hands and keep sneezing as well as coughing away from the food. For the reason that food hygiene of most foods vended/sold on the streets cannot be guaranteed, we advise you limit your habit of eating/buying street foods.


Wash your hands with soap (preferably under running water) before eating.

-Cover all foods to prevent dust and germs from contaminating them.

-Eat only warm foods.

-Drink lots of water to keep your body refreshed all day.

-Eat thoroughly washed fruits and vegetables to keep your immune system healthy.

-When sneezing or coughing, make it a point to keep it away from foods yet to be eaten.

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